A Minority View

The only intellectually responsible answer to the question posed is: It depends upon what you mean by ‘God’. The question assumes everyone means the same thing. This is simply not true. The answer of about 75% of professional philosophers is that “No gods exist” and the primary reason given is the failure of the free will defense to answer the problem posed by natural evil. This position is often supplemented by reflections upon what is called “the hiddenness of God”. This is the moral issue posed by the absence of God’s active involvement during the Holocaust. A philosophical response to the majority (atheist) and the minority (theist) is that of the agnostic, who differs in denying knowledge of both God’s existence and nonexistence. Excellent arguments exist for the rationality of the agnostic’s position. Of course, within humanity the positions of the philosophers are a tiny proportion of human thinking generally.

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